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Scalp Eczema

One of the most common forms of eczema is scalp eczema. It affects individuals of all age groups. Read on to know more about this skin problem, its symptoms, causes and treatment.
Marlene Alphonse
Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a type of skin disease, where the skin becomes inflamed and is characterized by red, dry and itchy patches on the affected area. There are many types of eczema and one common type is the one that affects the scalp.
Though this skin disorder affects various parts of the body, eczema of the scalp differs from others, since the skin on the scalp is unlike the skin on other parts of the body.
This annoying scalp condition is characterized by dryness and recurring skin rashes that are red and itchy. The sebaceous glands that are present on the scalp produce a large amount of oil, thus contributing to scalp dermatitis.
There are two different forms of eczema - internal and environmental eczema. Internal includes seborrhoeic, ruburn, asteotic, atopic, nummular and madidans. Allergic contact, herpericum and irritant contact eczema are types of environmental dermatitis.
This scalp problem can be caused due to fungus, unhygienic practices, sharing things like towels of an infected person, etc. In some cases, it can be caused due to imbalance in the level of hormones in the body. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a predominant condition of the scalp, which causes irritation and itching.
In common parlance, it is known as dandruff, where the dried skin of the scalp falls off in flakes. Other triggers of this skin disorder are fungal or bacterial infection, suppressed immune system and in some cases, genetics.
Dermatitis of the scalp is common in adults aged between 30 to 60 years. Eczema in infants and toddlers is known as cradle cap, which shows similar symptoms like adults.

Symptoms of Scalp Eczema

The symptoms of this eczema type may vary from person to person. Identifying and treating this condition in the initial stages will prevent the signs from aggravating, which can take a longer time to get cured. The following indicants can be observed in a person suffering from dermatitis.
  • One of the most obvious and prevalent symptoms is flaky, itchy skin with rashes.
  • The skin on the scalp becomes dry and inflamed with small blisters.
  • The affected area becomes thick and may develop scales. The skin also turns dry and red with pus filled sores.
  • Localized hair loss can also be seen in the areas of scabs
  • In case of severe inflammation, pain and burning sensation can be felt

Treatment for Scalp Dermatitis

The treatment of scalp dermatitis depends on the severity of the condition. Apart from medications, there are also many home remedies and natural cures. Given here are a few methods of treatment.
  • Avoid constant scratching of the scalp as it may tend to break the blisters and aggravate the condition.
  • The doctor may prescribe medication like corticosteroid, which may help in easing the symptoms of eczema. This medication can be taken in the form of pills or applied as an ointment on the affected area.
  • There are also some steroid creams that can be applied to the affected area, right after taking a bath. These creams should be applied frequently to reduce the blisters completely. To cure an itchy scalp, apply generous amount of cream over the affected area to get rid of the irritability and itchiness caused due to dry skin.
  • Apply coconut oil mixed with camphor to the scalp, as it has a cooling effect and will provide immediate relief from itching.
  • Massage warm olive oil to the scalp and leave it for 10 minutes before shampooing. This will soothe the burning sensation and also bring down rashes.
  • Keep yourself well hydrated and make sure that you use a medicated shampoo and conditioner that will not rob your scalp off the essential oils.
  • Avoid using hair color and other harmful chemicals that will dry the scalp. A dry scalp is more prone to dermatitis than a moist one.
  • Neem has been an age-old remedy to heal eczema naturally. Apply a paste of neem leaves and turmeric to the affected areas on the scalp and get relief from the burning sensation instantly.
Scalp eczema can be a very annoying condition, especially in children. If you observe any symptoms related to this skin condition visit your dermatologist as soon as possible to prevent the disorder from becoming worse.